Commit 06334932 authored by Jan Groenewald's avatar Jan Groenewald
Browse files

Merge branch 'master' of git.aims.ac.za:aims-desktop/aims-desktop-website

parents e66ce6f0 2fb935e2
...@@ -75,9 +75,8 @@ Do you want to continue? [Y/n] ...@@ -75,9 +75,8 @@ Do you want to continue? [Y/n]
``` ```
{{< note title="Tip: GNOME Software" >}} {{< note title="Tip: GNOME Software" >}}
GNOME Software is a graphical front-end that supports APT. GNOME Software is a graphical front-end that supports APT. It makes it easier to
It makes it easier to find and install software if find and install software if you're still new to the system.
you're still new to the system.
<div style="text-align: center; margin-top: 1em;"> <div style="text-align: center; margin-top: 1em;">
<img src="/images/tips-tricks/gnome-software.png" alt="" /> <img src="/images/tips-tricks/gnome-software.png" alt="" />
...@@ -86,108 +85,109 @@ you're still new to the system. ...@@ -86,108 +85,109 @@ you're still new to the system.
## Connecting to remote servers via SSH ## Connecting to remote servers via SSH
<p><span style="color: #424242;"><b>Introduction:</b> Servers that you **Introduction:** Servers that you normally ssh into can be accessed through
normally ssh into can be accessed through the Nautilus file manager. the Nautilus file manager. This allows you browse your remote files, edit them
This allows you browse your remote files, edit them and copy to and and copy to and from the remote server.
from the remote server.</span></p>
<p><span style="color: #424242;"><b>Step 1:</b> Open Nautilus/Files</span></p> **Step 1:** Open Nautilus/Files
<p><span style="text-align: center"><img alt="" src="/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-nautilus-ssh-1.png" /></span></p> <div style="text-align: center; margin-top: 1em;">
<p><span style="color: #424242;"><b>Step 2:</b> In the location pane, <img src="/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-nautilus-ssh-1.png" alt="" />
click on <em>Other Locations</em>.</span></p> </div>
<p><span style="text-align: center"><img alt="" src="/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-nautilus-ssh-2.png" /></span></p>
<p><span style="color: #424242;"><b>Step 3:</b> At the bottom there is a **Step 2:** In the location pane, click on *Other Locations*.
field to <em>Connect to Server</em>.</span></p> <div style="text-align: center; margin-top: 1em;">
<p><span style="text-align: center"><img alt="" src="/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-nautilus-ssh-3.png" /></span></p> <img src="/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-nautilus-ssh-2.png" alt="" />
</div>
<p><span style="color: #424242;"><b>Step 4:</b> In this field enter
<code>ssh://&lt;user&gt;@&lt;server&gt;</code>, where **Step 3:** At the bottom there is a field to *Connect to Server*.
<code>&lt;user&gt;</code> is your username and <div style="text-align: center; margin-top: 1em;">
<code>&lt;server&gt;</code> is the address of the server you are <img src="/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-nautilus-ssh-3.png" alt="" />
connecting to. Replace <code>ssh</code> with <code>sftp</code> if you </div>
wish to connect to a SFTP server.</span></p>
<p><span style="color: #424242;"><b>Step 5:</b> This will prompt you for **Step 4:** In this field enter `ssh://<user>:<server>`, where `<user>` is your
a password if necessary and mount the location. You will see the username and `<server>` is the address of the server you are connecting to.
server in the left panel and a listing of files on the right.</span></p> Replace `ssh` with `sftp` if you wish to connect to a SFTP server.
<p><span style="color: #424242;"><b>Step 6:</b> If you wish to bookmark this server for future use,
right-click on the server in the location pane and select **Step 5:** This will prompt you for a password if necessary and mount the
<em>Add Bookmark</em></span></p> location. You will see the server in the left panel and a listing of files on
<p><span style="text-align: center"><img alt="" src="/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-nautilus-ssh-4.png" /></span></p> the right.
**Step 6:** If you wish to bookmark this server for future use, right-click on
the server in the location pane and select *Add Bookmark*.
<div style="text-align: center; margin-top: 1em;">
<img src="/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-nautilus-ssh-4.png" alt="" />
</div>
## Changing your password ## Changing your password
<ul> ### GNOME Desktop
<li class="has-sub" class="active"><a href="#"><span>GNOME Desktop</span></a>
<ul> **Step 1:** Open the Activities overview and start typing *Users*.
<li><span style="color: #424242;"><b>Step 1:</b> Open the Activities <div style="text-align: center; margin-top: 1em;">
overview and start typing <em>Users</em>.</span></li> <img src="/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-change-password-1.png" alt="" />
<li><img width="100%" alt="" title="Finding the Users settings in GNOME" </div>
src="/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-change-password-1.png" /></li>
<li><span style="color: #424242;"><b>Step 2:</b> Click <em>Users</em> to **Step 2:** Click *Users* to open the panel.
open the panel.</span></li> <div style="text-align: center; margin-top: 1em;">
<li><img alt="" width="100%" title="The Users panel in GNOME" <img src="/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-change-password-2.png" alt="" />
src="/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-change-password-2.png" /></li> </div>
<li><span style="color: #424242;"><b>Step 3:</b> Click the label next to
<em>Password</em>.</span></li> **Step 3:** Click the label next to *Password*.
<li><span style="color: #424242;"><b>Step 4:</b> Enter your current
password, then a new password.</span></li> **Step 4:** Enter your current password, then a new password.
<li><span style="color: #424242;">Enter your new password again in the
<em>Verify New Password</em> field. You can press the gear icon to **Step 5:** Enter your new password again in the *Verify New Password* field.
automatically generate a random password.</span></li> You can press the gear icon to automatically generate a random password.
<li><img width="100%" alt="" title="The change password dialog" <div style="text-align: center; margin-top: 1em;">
src="/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-change-password-3.png" /></li> <img src="/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-change-password-3.png" alt="" />
<li><span style="color: #424242;"><b>Step 5:</b> Click <em>Change</em>.</span></li> </div>
</ul>
</li> **Step 6:** Click *Change*.
<li class="has-sub" class="active"><a href="#"><span>Command Line</span></a>
<ul> ### Command Line
<li><span style="color: #424242;"><b>Step 1:</b> Open the terminal</span></li> **Step 1:** Open the terminal.
<li><span style="color: #424242;"><b>Step 2:</b> Enter **Step 2:** Enter
<pre><code>passwd</code></pre> and follow the prompts</span></li> ```
<li><span style="color: #424242;">Enter your current password, your new passwd
password and then confirm your new password. You will not be able to ```
see your password when you type it in.</span></li> and follow the prompts.
</ul>
</li> **Step 3:** Enter your current password, your new password and then confirm your
new password. You will not be able to see your password when you type it in.
{{< note title="How to choose a strong password" >}} {{< note title="How to choose a strong password" >}}
<li class="has-sub" class="active"></a> * Make your passwords easy enough for you to remember, but very difficult to for
<ul> others to guess. Your password guards your personal information, so you should
<li><span>Make your passwords easy enough for make sure it is a strong one.
you to remember, but very difficult to for others to guess. Your * Use a mixture of upper-case and lower-case letters, numbers, symbols and
password guards your personal information, so you should make sure spaces in the password. A good way of doing this to the take the first letter of
it is a strong one.</span></li> each word and the grammar of a phrase you can remember.
<li><span>Use a mixture of upper-case and * Make your password as long as possible. This makes it difficult for a person
lower-case letters, numbers, symbols and spaces in the password. A or computer to guess it.
good way of doing this to the take the first letter of each word * Do not use one or two words from a dictionary in any language. These are what
and the grammar of a phrase you can remember.</span></li> programs use to try crack your password.
<li><span>Make your password as long as * Do not use any personal information such as a date, family member's name or a
possible. This makes it difficult for a person or computer to guess pet.
it.</span></li> * Never write your password down.
<li><span>Do not use one or two words from a * Use different passwords for different things.
dictionary in any language. These are what programs use to try crack
your password.</span></li>
<li><span>Do not use any personal information
such as a date, family member's name or a pet.</span></li>
<li><span>Never write your password down.</span></li>
<li><span>Use different passwords for different
things.</span></li>
</ul>
{{< /note >}} {{< /note >}}
</ul>
## File Templates ## File Templates
In previous versions, you could right-click anywhere in the file manager and create In previous versions, you could right-click anywhere in the file manager and
a new blank file. In the current version, this has been extended so that you can create create a new blank file. In the current version, this has been extended so that
any kind of file as a template for a new file. This could be a shell script, document, blank file you can create any kind of file as a template for a new file. This could be a
or any other kind of document that you create on a regular basis. shell script, document, blank file or any other kind of document that you create
on a regular basis.
To do this, all you need to do is place new documents as template files in your Templates directory. To do this, all you need to do is place new documents as template files in your
Templates directory.
<img alt="" width="100%" title="Templates directory in file browser" <img alt="" width="100%" title="Templates directory in file browser"
src="/images/templates/templates-1.png" /> src="/images/templates/templates-1.png" />
Then, those documents will be available when you right-click in the file browser: Then, those documents will be available when you right-click in the file
browser:
<img alt="" width="100%" title="Templates being accessed in file browser" <img alt="" width="100%" title="Templates being accessed in file browser"
src="/images/templates/templates-2.png" /> src="/images/templates/templates-2.png" />
---
date: 2018-01-25T11:48:12+0200
title: UEFI vs Legacy Boot
weight: 10
---
UEFI and Legacy Boot are two different ways of booting a computer. Most PCs and
laptops released after 2007 have UEFI installed. UEFI stands for Unified
Extendable Firmware Interface and was designed to replace BIOS (Legacy Boot).
A major difference between UEFI and Legacy Boot is Secure Boot. This is a
feature of UEFI that prevents loading an operating system not signed by the
manufacturer's key. AIMS desktop is not signed by this key and so Secure Boot
must be disabled before AIMS Desktop can be installed.
Secure Boot is managed by the UEFI settings. From Windows 10, it can be
disabled by going to *Settings -> Updates & security -> Recovery* and selecting
*Restart now*. This restart the PC into a recovery mode with various options.
Select *Troubleshoot -> Advanced options -> UEFI Firmware Settings -> Restart*.
This will boot into the UEFI Settings, where Secure Boot can be disabled. The
exact location of the option differs between manufacturers, but it is generally
found in the Boot section.
From Linux machines, there is usually either a Grub menu entry or a keyboard
shortcut that can be pressed while the PC is booting that will access the
UEFI Settings.
...@@ -240,9 +240,8 @@ Do you want to continue? [Y/n] ...@@ -240,9 +240,8 @@ Do you want to continue? [Y/n]
&lt;div class=&#34;admonition note&#34;&gt; &lt;div class=&#34;admonition note&#34;&gt;
&lt;p class=&#34;admonition-title&#34;&gt;Tip: GNOME Software&lt;/p&gt; &lt;p class=&#34;admonition-title&#34;&gt;Tip: GNOME Software&lt;/p&gt;
&lt;p&gt;GNOME Software is a graphical front-end that supports APT. &lt;p&gt;GNOME Software is a graphical front-end that supports APT. It makes it easier to
It makes it easier to find and install software if find and install software if you&amp;rsquo;re still new to the system.&lt;/p&gt;
you&amp;rsquo;re still new to the system.&lt;/p&gt;
&lt;div style=&#34;text-align: center; margin-top: 1em;&#34;&gt; &lt;div style=&#34;text-align: center; margin-top: 1em;&#34;&gt;
&lt;img src=&#34;https://desktop.aims.ac.za/images/tips-tricks/gnome-software.png&#34; alt=&#34;&#34; /&gt; &lt;img src=&#34;https://desktop.aims.ac.za/images/tips-tricks/gnome-software.png&#34; alt=&#34;&#34; /&gt;
...@@ -252,109 +251,115 @@ you&amp;rsquo;re still new to the system.&lt;/p&gt; ...@@ -252,109 +251,115 @@ you&amp;rsquo;re still new to the system.&lt;/p&gt;
&lt;h2 id=&#34;connecting-to-remote-servers-via-ssh&#34;&gt;Connecting to remote servers via SSH&lt;/h2&gt; &lt;h2 id=&#34;connecting-to-remote-servers-via-ssh&#34;&gt;Connecting to remote servers via SSH&lt;/h2&gt;
&lt;p&gt;&lt;span style=&#34;color: #424242;&#34;&gt;&lt;b&gt;Introduction:&lt;/b&gt; Servers that you &lt;p&gt;&lt;strong&gt;Introduction:&lt;/strong&gt; Servers that you normally ssh into can be accessed through
normally ssh into can be accessed through the Nautilus file manager. the Nautilus file manager. This allows you browse your remote files, edit them
This allows you browse your remote files, edit them and copy to and and copy to and from the remote server.&lt;/p&gt;
from the remote server.&lt;/span&gt;&lt;/p&gt;
&lt;p&gt;&lt;span style=&#34;color: #424242;&#34;&gt;&lt;b&gt;Step 1:&lt;/b&gt; Open Nautilus/Files&lt;/span&gt;&lt;/p&gt; &lt;p&gt;&lt;strong&gt;Step 1:&lt;/strong&gt; Open Nautilus/Files
&lt;p&gt;&lt;span style=&#34;text-align: center&#34;&gt;&lt;img alt=&#34;&#34; src=&#34;https://desktop.aims.ac.za/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-nautilus-ssh-1.png&#34; /&gt;&lt;/span&gt;&lt;/p&gt; &lt;div style=&#34;text-align: center; margin-top: 1em;&#34;&gt;
&lt;p&gt;&lt;span style=&#34;color: #424242;&#34;&gt;&lt;b&gt;Step 2:&lt;/b&gt; In the location pane, &lt;img src=&#34;https://desktop.aims.ac.za/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-nautilus-ssh-1.png&#34; alt=&#34;&#34; /&gt;
click on &lt;em&gt;Other Locations&lt;/em&gt;.&lt;/span&gt;&lt;/p&gt; &lt;/div&gt;&lt;/p&gt;
&lt;p&gt;&lt;span style=&#34;text-align: center&#34;&gt;&lt;img alt=&#34;&#34; src=&#34;https://desktop.aims.ac.za/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-nautilus-ssh-2.png&#34; /&gt;&lt;/span&gt;&lt;/p&gt;
&lt;p&gt;&lt;span style=&#34;color: #424242;&#34;&gt;&lt;b&gt;Step 3:&lt;/b&gt; At the bottom there is a &lt;p&gt;&lt;strong&gt;Step 2:&lt;/strong&gt; In the location pane, click on &lt;em&gt;Other Locations&lt;/em&gt;.
field to &lt;em&gt;Connect to Server&lt;/em&gt;.&lt;/span&gt;&lt;/p&gt; &lt;div style=&#34;text-align: center; margin-top: 1em;&#34;&gt;
&lt;p&gt;&lt;span style=&#34;text-align: center&#34;&gt;&lt;img alt=&#34;&#34; src=&#34;https://desktop.aims.ac.za/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-nautilus-ssh-3.png&#34; /&gt;&lt;/span&gt;&lt;/p&gt; &lt;img src=&#34;https://desktop.aims.ac.za/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-nautilus-ssh-2.png&#34; alt=&#34;&#34; /&gt;
&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/p&gt;
&lt;p&gt;&lt;span style=&#34;color: #424242;&#34;&gt;&lt;b&gt;Step 4:&lt;/b&gt; In this field enter
&lt;code&gt;ssh://&amp;lt;user&amp;gt;@&amp;lt;server&amp;gt;&lt;/code&gt;, where &lt;p&gt;&lt;strong&gt;Step 3:&lt;/strong&gt; At the bottom there is a field to &lt;em&gt;Connect to Server&lt;/em&gt;.
&lt;code&gt;&amp;lt;user&amp;gt;&lt;/code&gt; is your username and &lt;div style=&#34;text-align: center; margin-top: 1em;&#34;&gt;
&lt;code&gt;&amp;lt;server&amp;gt;&lt;/code&gt; is the address of the server you are &lt;img src=&#34;https://desktop.aims.ac.za/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-nautilus-ssh-3.png&#34; alt=&#34;&#34; /&gt;
connecting to. Replace &lt;code&gt;ssh&lt;/code&gt; with &lt;code&gt;sftp&lt;/code&gt; if you &lt;/div&gt;&lt;/p&gt;
wish to connect to a SFTP server.&lt;/span&gt;&lt;/p&gt;
&lt;p&gt;&lt;span style=&#34;color: #424242;&#34;&gt;&lt;b&gt;Step 5:&lt;/b&gt; This will prompt you for &lt;p&gt;&lt;strong&gt;Step 4:&lt;/strong&gt; In this field enter &lt;code&gt;ssh://&amp;lt;user&amp;gt;:&amp;lt;server&amp;gt;&lt;/code&gt;, where &lt;code&gt;&amp;lt;user&amp;gt;&lt;/code&gt; is your
a password if necessary and mount the location. You will see the username and &lt;code&gt;&amp;lt;server&amp;gt;&lt;/code&gt; is the address of the server you are connecting to.
server in the left panel and a listing of files on the right.&lt;/span&gt;&lt;/p&gt; Replace &lt;code&gt;ssh&lt;/code&gt; with &lt;code&gt;sftp&lt;/code&gt; if you wish to connect to a SFTP server.&lt;/p&gt;
&lt;p&gt;&lt;span style=&#34;color: #424242;&#34;&gt;&lt;b&gt;Step 6:&lt;/b&gt; If you wish to bookmark this server for future use,
right-click on the server in the location pane and select &lt;p&gt;&lt;strong&gt;Step 5:&lt;/strong&gt; This will prompt you for a password if necessary and mount the
&lt;em&gt;Add Bookmark&lt;/em&gt;&lt;/span&gt;&lt;/p&gt; location. You will see the server in the left panel and a listing of files on
&lt;p&gt;&lt;span style=&#34;text-align: center&#34;&gt;&lt;img alt=&#34;&#34; src=&#34;https://desktop.aims.ac.za/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-nautilus-ssh-4.png&#34; /&gt;&lt;/span&gt;&lt;/p&gt; the right.&lt;/p&gt;
&lt;p&gt;&lt;strong&gt;Step 6:&lt;/strong&gt; If you wish to bookmark this server for future use, right-click on
the server in the location pane and select &lt;em&gt;Add Bookmark&lt;/em&gt;.
&lt;div style=&#34;text-align: center; margin-top: 1em;&#34;&gt;
&lt;img src=&#34;https://desktop.aims.ac.za/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-nautilus-ssh-4.png&#34; alt=&#34;&#34; /&gt;
&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/p&gt;
&lt;h2 id=&#34;changing-your-password&#34;&gt;Changing your password&lt;/h2&gt; &lt;h2 id=&#34;changing-your-password&#34;&gt;Changing your password&lt;/h2&gt;
&lt;ul&gt; &lt;h3 id=&#34;gnome-desktop&#34;&gt;GNOME Desktop&lt;/h3&gt;
&lt;li class=&#34;has-sub&#34; class=&#34;active&#34;&gt;&lt;a href=&#34;#&#34;&gt;&lt;span&gt;GNOME Desktop&lt;/span&gt;&lt;/a&gt;
&lt;ul&gt; &lt;p&gt;&lt;strong&gt;Step 1:&lt;/strong&gt; Open the Activities overview and start typing &lt;em&gt;Users&lt;/em&gt;.
&lt;li&gt;&lt;span style=&#34;color: #424242;&#34;&gt;&lt;b&gt;Step 1:&lt;/b&gt; Open the Activities &lt;div style=&#34;text-align: center; margin-top: 1em;&#34;&gt;
overview and start typing &lt;em&gt;Users&lt;/em&gt;.&lt;/span&gt;&lt;/li&gt; &lt;img src=&#34;https://desktop.aims.ac.za/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-change-password-1.png&#34; alt=&#34;&#34; /&gt;
&lt;li&gt;&lt;img width=&#34;100%&#34; alt=&#34;&#34; title=&#34;Finding the Users settings in GNOME&#34; &lt;/div&gt;&lt;/p&gt;
src=&#34;/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-change-password-1.png&#34; /&gt;&lt;/li&gt;
&lt;li&gt;&lt;span style=&#34;color: #424242;&#34;&gt;&lt;b&gt;Step 2:&lt;/b&gt; Click &lt;em&gt;Users&lt;/em&gt; to &lt;p&gt;&lt;strong&gt;Step 2:&lt;/strong&gt; Click &lt;em&gt;Users&lt;/em&gt; to open the panel.
open the panel.&lt;/span&gt;&lt;/li&gt; &lt;div style=&#34;text-align: center; margin-top: 1em;&#34;&gt;
&lt;li&gt;&lt;img alt=&#34;&#34; width=&#34;100%&#34; title=&#34;The Users panel in GNOME&#34; &lt;img src=&#34;https://desktop.aims.ac.za/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-change-password-2.png&#34; alt=&#34;&#34; /&gt;
src=&#34;/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-change-password-2.png&#34; /&gt;&lt;/li&gt; &lt;/div&gt;&lt;/p&gt;
&lt;li&gt;&lt;span style=&#34;color: #424242;&#34;&gt;&lt;b&gt;Step 3:&lt;/b&gt; Click the label next to
&lt;em&gt;Password&lt;/em&gt;.&lt;/span&gt;&lt;/li&gt; &lt;p&gt;&lt;strong&gt;Step 3:&lt;/strong&gt; Click the label next to &lt;em&gt;Password&lt;/em&gt;.&lt;/p&gt;
&lt;li&gt;&lt;span style=&#34;color: #424242;&#34;&gt;&lt;b&gt;Step 4:&lt;/b&gt; Enter your current
password, then a new password.&lt;/span&gt;&lt;/li&gt; &lt;p&gt;&lt;strong&gt;Step 4:&lt;/strong&gt; Enter your current password, then a new password.&lt;/p&gt;
&lt;li&gt;&lt;span style=&#34;color: #424242;&#34;&gt;Enter your new password again in the
&lt;em&gt;Verify New Password&lt;/em&gt; field. You can press the gear icon to &lt;p&gt;&lt;strong&gt;Step 5:&lt;/strong&gt; Enter your new password again in the &lt;em&gt;Verify New Password&lt;/em&gt; field.
automatically generate a random password.&lt;/span&gt;&lt;/li&gt; You can press the gear icon to automatically generate a random password.
&lt;li&gt;&lt;img width=&#34;100%&#34; alt=&#34;&#34; title=&#34;The change password dialog&#34; &lt;div style=&#34;text-align: center; margin-top: 1em;&#34;&gt;
src=&#34;/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-change-password-3.png&#34; /&gt;&lt;/li&gt; &lt;img src=&#34;https://desktop.aims.ac.za/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-change-password-3.png&#34; alt=&#34;&#34; /&gt;
&lt;li&gt;&lt;span style=&#34;color: #424242;&#34;&gt;&lt;b&gt;Step 5:&lt;/b&gt; Click &lt;em&gt;Change&lt;/em&gt;.&lt;/span&gt;&lt;/li&gt; &lt;/div&gt;&lt;/p&gt;
&lt;/ul&gt;
&lt;/li&gt; &lt;p&gt;&lt;strong&gt;Step 6:&lt;/strong&gt; Click &lt;em&gt;Change&lt;/em&gt;.&lt;/p&gt;
&lt;li class=&#34;has-sub&#34; class=&#34;active&#34;&gt;&lt;a href=&#34;#&#34;&gt;&lt;span&gt;Command Line&lt;/span&gt;&lt;/a&gt;
&lt;ul&gt; &lt;h3 id=&#34;command-line&#34;&gt;Command Line&lt;/h3&gt;
&lt;li&gt;&lt;span style=&#34;color: #424242;&#34;&gt;&lt;b&gt;Step 1:&lt;/b&gt; Open the terminal&lt;/span&gt;&lt;/li&gt;
&lt;li&gt;&lt;span style=&#34;color: #424242;&#34;&gt;&lt;b&gt;Step 2:&lt;/b&gt; Enter &lt;p&gt;&lt;strong&gt;Step 1:&lt;/strong&gt; Open the terminal.
&lt;pre&gt;&lt;code&gt;passwd&lt;/code&gt;&lt;/pre&gt; and follow the prompts&lt;/span&gt;&lt;/li&gt; &lt;strong&gt;Step 2:&lt;/strong&gt; Enter&lt;/p&gt;
&lt;li&gt;&lt;span style=&#34;color: #424242;&#34;&gt;Enter your current password, your new
password and then confirm your new password. You will not be able to &lt;pre&gt;&lt;code&gt;passwd
see your password when you type it in.&lt;/span&gt;&lt;/li&gt; &lt;/code&gt;&lt;/pre&gt;
&lt;/ul&gt;
&lt;/li&gt; &lt;p&gt;and follow the prompts.&lt;/p&gt;
&lt;p&gt;&lt;strong&gt;Step 3:&lt;/strong&gt; Enter your current password, your new password and then confirm your
new password. You will not be able to see your password when you type it in.&lt;/p&gt;
&lt;div class=&#34;admonition note&#34;&gt; &lt;div class=&#34;admonition note&#34;&gt;
&lt;p class=&#34;admonition-title&#34;&gt;How to choose a strong password&lt;/p&gt; &lt;p class=&#34;admonition-title&#34;&gt;How to choose a strong password&lt;/p&gt;
&lt;p&gt;&lt;li class=&#34;has-sub&#34; class=&#34;active&#34;&gt;&lt;/a&gt; &lt;p&gt;&lt;ul&gt;
&lt;ul&gt; &lt;li&gt;Make your passwords easy enough for you to remember, but very difficult to for
&lt;li&gt;&lt;span&gt;Make your passwords easy enough for others to guess. Your password guards your personal information, so you should
you to remember, but very difficult to for others to guess. Your make sure it is a strong one.&lt;/li&gt;
password guards your personal information, so you should make sure &lt;li&gt;Use a mixture of upper-case and lower-case letters, numbers, symbols and
it is a strong one.&lt;/span&gt;&lt;/li&gt; spaces in the password. A good way of doing this to the take the first letter of
&lt;li&gt;&lt;span&gt;Use a mixture of upper-case and each word and the grammar of a phrase you can remember.&lt;/li&gt;
lower-case letters, numbers, symbols and spaces in the password. A &lt;li&gt;Make your password as long as possible. This makes it difficult for a person
good way of doing this to the take the first letter of each word or computer to guess it.&lt;/li&gt;
and the grammar of a phrase you can remember.&lt;/span&gt;&lt;/li&gt; &lt;li&gt;Do not use one or two words from a dictionary in any language. These are what
&lt;li&gt;&lt;span&gt;Make your password as long as programs use to try crack your password.&lt;/li&gt;
possible. This makes it difficult for a person or computer to guess &lt;li&gt;Do not use any personal information such as a date, family member&amp;rsquo;s name or a
it.&lt;/span&gt;&lt;/li&gt; pet.&lt;/li&gt;
&lt;li&gt;&lt;span&gt;Do not use one or two words from a &lt;li&gt;Never write your password down.&lt;/li&gt;
dictionary in any language. These are what programs use to try crack &lt;li&gt;Use different passwords for different things.&lt;/li&gt;
your password.&lt;/span&gt;&lt;/li&gt;
&lt;li&gt;&lt;span&gt;Do not use any personal information
such as a date, family member&amp;rsquo;s name or a pet.&lt;/span&gt;&lt;/li&gt;
&lt;li&gt;&lt;span&gt;Never write your password down.&lt;/span&gt;&lt;/li&gt;
&lt;li&gt;&lt;span&gt;Use different passwords for different
things.&lt;/span&gt;&lt;/li&gt;
&lt;/ul&gt;&lt;/p&gt;
&lt;/div&gt;
&lt;/ul&gt; &lt;/ul&gt;
&lt;/p&gt;
&lt;/div&gt;
&lt;h2 id=&#34;file-templates&#34;&gt;File Templates&lt;/h2&gt; &lt;h2 id=&#34;file-templates&#34;&gt;File Templates&lt;/h2&gt;
&lt;p&gt;In previous versions, you could right-click anywhere in the file manager and create &lt;p&gt;In previous versions, you could right-click anywhere in the file manager and
a new blank file. In the current version, this has been extended so that you can create create a new blank file. In the current version, this has been extended so that
any kind of file as a template for a new file. This could be a shell script, document, blank file you can create any kind of file as a template for a new file. This could be a
or any other kind of document that you create on a regular basis.&lt;/p&gt; shell script, document, blank file or any other kind of document that you create
on a regular basis.&lt;/p&gt;
&lt;p&gt;To do this, all you need to do is place new documents as template files in your Templates directory.&lt;/p&gt; &lt;p&gt;To do this, all you need to do is place new documents as template files in your
Templates directory.&lt;/p&gt;
&lt;p&gt;&lt;img alt=&#34;&#34; width=&#34;100%&#34; title=&#34;Templates directory in file browser&#34; &lt;p&gt;&lt;img alt=&#34;&#34; width=&#34;100%&#34; title=&#34;Templates directory in file browser&#34;
src=&#34;/images/templates/templates-1.png&#34; /&gt;&lt;/p&gt; src=&#34;/images/templates/templates-1.png&#34; /&gt;&lt;/p&gt;
&lt;p&gt;Then, those documents will be available when you right-click in the file browser:&lt;/p&gt; &lt;p&gt;Then, those documents will be available when you right-click in the file
browser:&lt;/p&gt;
&lt;p&gt;&lt;img alt=&#34;&#34; width=&#34;100%&#34; title=&#34;Templates being accessed in file browser&#34; &lt;p&gt;&lt;img alt=&#34;&#34; width=&#34;100%&#34; title=&#34;Templates being accessed in file browser&#34;
src=&#34;/images/templates/templates-2.png&#34; /&gt;&lt;/p&gt; src=&#34;/images/templates/templates-2.png&#34; /&gt;&lt;/p&gt;
......
...@@ -324,9 +324,8 @@ Do you want to continue? [Y/n] ...@@ -324,9 +324,8 @@ Do you want to continue? [Y/n]
<div class="admonition note"> <div class="admonition note">
<p class="admonition-title">Tip: GNOME Software</p> <p class="admonition-title">Tip: GNOME Software</p>
<p>GNOME Software is a graphical front-end that supports APT. <p>GNOME Software is a graphical front-end that supports APT. It makes it easier to
It makes it easier to find and install software if find and install software if you&rsquo;re still new to the system.</p>
you&rsquo;re still new to the system.</p>
<div style="text-align: center; margin-top: 1em;"> <div style="text-align: center; margin-top: 1em;">
<img src="https://desktop.aims.ac.za/images/tips-tricks/gnome-software.png" alt="" /> <img src="https://desktop.aims.ac.za/images/tips-tricks/gnome-software.png" alt="" />
...@@ -336,109 +335,115 @@ you&rsquo;re still new to the system.</p> ...@@ -336,109 +335,115 @@ you&rsquo;re still new to the system.</p>
<h2 id="connecting-to-remote-servers-via-ssh">Connecting to remote servers via SSH</h2> <h2 id="connecting-to-remote-servers-via-ssh">Connecting to remote servers via SSH</h2>
<p><span style="color: #424242;"><b>Introduction:</b> Servers that you <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> Servers that you normally ssh into can be accessed through
normally ssh into can be accessed through the Nautilus file manager. the Nautilus file manager. This allows you browse your remote files, edit them
This allows you browse your remote files, edit them and copy to and and copy to and from the remote server.</p>
from the remote server.</span></p>
<p><span style="color: #424242;"><b>Step 1:</b> Open Nautilus/Files</span></p> <p><strong>Step 1:</strong> Open Nautilus/Files
<p><span style="text-align: center"><img alt="" src="https://desktop.aims.ac.za/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-nautilus-ssh-1.png" /></span></p> <div style="text-align: center; margin-top: 1em;">
<p><span style="color: #424242;"><b>Step 2:</b> In the location pane, <img src="https://desktop.aims.ac.za/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-nautilus-ssh-1.png" alt="" />
click on <em>Other Locations</em>.</span></p> </div></p>
<p><span style="text-align: center"><img alt="" src="https://desktop.aims.ac.za/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-nautilus-ssh-2.png" /></span></p>
<p><span style="color: #424242;"><b>Step 3:</b> At the bottom there is a <p><strong>Step 2:</strong> In the location pane, click on <em>Other Locations</em>.
field to <em>Connect to Server</em>.</span></p> <div style="text-align: center; margin-top: 1em;">
<p><span style="text-align: center"><img alt="" src="https://desktop.aims.ac.za/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-nautilus-ssh-3.png" /></span></p> <img src="https://desktop.aims.ac.za/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-nautilus-ssh-2.png" alt="" />
</div></p>
<p><span style="color: #424242;"><b>Step 4:</b> In this field enter
<code>ssh://&lt;user&gt;@&lt;server&gt;</code>, where <p><strong>Step 3:</strong> At the bottom there is a field to <em>Connect to Server</em>.
<code>&lt;user&gt;</code> is your username and <div style="text-align: center; margin-top: 1em;">
<code>&lt;server&gt;</code> is the address of the server you are <img src="https://desktop.aims.ac.za/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-nautilus-ssh-3.png" alt="" />
connecting to. Replace <code>ssh</code> with <code>sftp</code> if you </div></p>
wish to connect to a SFTP server.</span></p>
<p><span style="color: #424242;"><b>Step 5:</b> This will prompt you for <p><strong>Step 4:</strong> In this field enter <code>ssh://&lt;user&gt;:&lt;server&gt;</code>, where <code>&lt;user&gt;</code> is your
a password if necessary and mount the location. You will see the username and <code>&lt;server&gt;</code> is the address of the server you are connecting to.
server in the left panel and a listing of files on the right.</span></p> Replace <code>ssh</code> with <code>sftp</code> if you wish to connect to a SFTP server.</p>
<p><span style="color: #424242;"><b>Step 6:</b> If you wish to bookmark this server for future use,
right-click on the server in the location pane and select <p><strong>Step 5:</strong> This will prompt you for a password if necessary and mount the
<em>Add Bookmark</em></span></p> location. You will see the server in the left panel and a listing of files on
<p><span style="text-align: center"><img alt="" src="https://desktop.aims.ac.za/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-nautilus-ssh-4.png" /></span></p> the right.</p>
<p><strong>Step 6:</strong> If you wish to bookmark this server for future use, right-click on
the server in the location pane and select <em>Add Bookmark</em>.
<div style="text-align: center; margin-top: 1em;">
<img src="https://desktop.aims.ac.za/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-nautilus-ssh-4.png" alt="" />
</div></p>
<h2 id="changing-your-password">Changing your password</h2> <h2 id="changing-your-password">Changing your password</h2>
<ul> <h3 id="gnome-desktop">GNOME Desktop</h3>
<li class="has-sub" class="active"><a href="#"><span>GNOME Desktop</span></a>
<ul> <p><strong>Step 1:</strong> Open the Activities overview and start typing <em>Users</em>.
<li><span style="color: #424242;"><b>Step 1:</b> Open the Activities <div style="text-align: center; margin-top: 1em;">
overview and start typing <em>Users</em>.</span></li> <img src="https://desktop.aims.ac.za/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-change-password-1.png" alt="" />
<li><img width="100%" alt="" title="Finding the Users settings in GNOME" </div></p>
src="/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-change-password-1.png" /></li>
<li><span style="color: #424242;"><b>Step 2:</b> Click <em>Users</em> to <p><strong>Step 2:</strong> Click <em>Users</em> to open the panel.
open the panel.</span></li> <div style="text-align: center; margin-top: 1em;">
<li><img alt="" width="100%" title="The Users panel in GNOME" <img src="https://desktop.aims.ac.za/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-change-password-2.png" alt="" />
src="/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-change-password-2.png" /></li> </div></p>
<li><span style="color: #424242;"><b>Step 3:</b> Click the label next to
<em>Password</em>.</span></li> <p><strong>Step 3:</strong> Click the label next to <em>Password</em>.</p>
<li><span style="color: #424242;"><b>Step 4:</b> Enter your current
password, then a new password.</span></li> <p><strong>Step 4:</strong> Enter your current password, then a new password.</p>
<li><span style="color: #424242;">Enter your new password again in the
<em>Verify New Password</em> field. You can press the gear icon to <p><strong>Step 5:</strong> Enter your new password again in the <em>Verify New Password</em> field.
automatically generate a random password.</span></li> You can press the gear icon to automatically generate a random password.
<li><img width="100%" alt="" title="The change password dialog" <div style="text-align: center; margin-top: 1em;">
src="/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-change-password-3.png" /></li> <img src="https://desktop.aims.ac.za/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-change-password-3.png" alt="" />
<li><span style="color: #424242;"><b>Step 5:</b> Click <em>Change</em>.</span></li> </div></p>
</ul>
</li> <p><strong>Step 6:</strong> Click <em>Change</em>.</p>
<li class="has-sub" class="active"><a href="#"><span>Command Line</span></a>
<ul> <h3 id="command-line">Command Line</h3>
<li><span style="color: #424242;"><b>Step 1:</b> Open the terminal</span></li>
<li><span style="color: #424242;"><b>Step 2:</b> Enter <p><strong>Step 1:</strong> Open the terminal.
<pre><code>passwd</code></pre> and follow the prompts</span></li> <strong>Step 2:</strong> Enter</p>
<li><span style="color: #424242;">Enter your current password, your new
password and then confirm your new password. You will not be able to <pre><code>passwd
see your password when you type it in.</span></li> </code></pre>
</ul>
</li> <p>and follow the prompts.</p>
<p><strong>Step 3:</strong> Enter your current password, your new password and then confirm your
new password. You will not be able to see your password when you type it in.</p>
<div class="admonition note"> <div class="admonition note">
<p class="admonition-title">How to choose a strong password</p> <p class="admonition-title">How to choose a strong password</p>
<p><li class="has-sub" class="active"></a> <p><ul>
<ul>