Commit 06334932 authored by Jan Groenewald's avatar Jan Groenewald
Browse files

Merge branch 'master' of git.aims.ac.za:aims-desktop/aims-desktop-website

parents e66ce6f0 2fb935e2
......@@ -75,9 +75,8 @@ Do you want to continue? [Y/n]
```
{{< note title="Tip: GNOME Software" >}}
GNOME Software is a graphical front-end that supports APT.
It makes it easier to find and install software if
you're still new to the system.
GNOME Software is a graphical front-end that supports APT. It makes it easier to
find and install software if you're still new to the system.
<div style="text-align: center; margin-top: 1em;">
<img src="/images/tips-tricks/gnome-software.png" alt="" />
......@@ -86,108 +85,109 @@ you're still new to the system.
## Connecting to remote servers via SSH
<p><span style="color: #424242;"><b>Introduction:</b> Servers that you
normally ssh into can be accessed through the Nautilus file manager.
This allows you browse your remote files, edit them and copy to and
from the remote server.</span></p>
<p><span style="color: #424242;"><b>Step 1:</b> Open Nautilus/Files</span></p>
<p><span style="text-align: center"><img alt="" src="/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-nautilus-ssh-1.png" /></span></p>
<p><span style="color: #424242;"><b>Step 2:</b> In the location pane,
click on <em>Other Locations</em>.</span></p>
<p><span style="text-align: center"><img alt="" src="/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-nautilus-ssh-2.png" /></span></p>
<p><span style="color: #424242;"><b>Step 3:</b> At the bottom there is a
field to <em>Connect to Server</em>.</span></p>
<p><span style="text-align: center"><img alt="" src="/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-nautilus-ssh-3.png" /></span></p>
<p><span style="color: #424242;"><b>Step 4:</b> In this field enter
<code>ssh://&lt;user&gt;@&lt;server&gt;</code>, where
<code>&lt;user&gt;</code> is your username and
<code>&lt;server&gt;</code> is the address of the server you are
connecting to. Replace <code>ssh</code> with <code>sftp</code> if you
wish to connect to a SFTP server.</span></p>
<p><span style="color: #424242;"><b>Step 5:</b> This will prompt you for
a password if necessary and mount the location. You will see the
server in the left panel and a listing of files on the right.</span></p>
<p><span style="color: #424242;"><b>Step 6:</b> If you wish to bookmark this server for future use,
right-click on the server in the location pane and select
<em>Add Bookmark</em></span></p>
<p><span style="text-align: center"><img alt="" src="/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-nautilus-ssh-4.png" /></span></p>
**Introduction:** Servers that you normally ssh into can be accessed through
the Nautilus file manager. This allows you browse your remote files, edit them
and copy to and from the remote server.
**Step 1:** Open Nautilus/Files
<div style="text-align: center; margin-top: 1em;">
<img src="/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-nautilus-ssh-1.png" alt="" />
</div>
**Step 2:** In the location pane, click on *Other Locations*.
<div style="text-align: center; margin-top: 1em;">
<img src="/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-nautilus-ssh-2.png" alt="" />
</div>
**Step 3:** At the bottom there is a field to *Connect to Server*.
<div style="text-align: center; margin-top: 1em;">
<img src="/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-nautilus-ssh-3.png" alt="" />
</div>
**Step 4:** In this field enter `ssh://<user>:<server>`, where `<user>` is your
username and `<server>` is the address of the server you are connecting to.
Replace `ssh` with `sftp` if you wish to connect to a SFTP server.
**Step 5:** This will prompt you for a password if necessary and mount the
location. You will see the server in the left panel and a listing of files on
the right.
**Step 6:** If you wish to bookmark this server for future use, right-click on
the server in the location pane and select *Add Bookmark*.
<div style="text-align: center; margin-top: 1em;">
<img src="/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-nautilus-ssh-4.png" alt="" />
</div>
## Changing your password
<ul>
<li class="has-sub" class="active"><a href="#"><span>GNOME Desktop</span></a>
<ul>
<li><span style="color: #424242;"><b>Step 1:</b> Open the Activities
overview and start typing <em>Users</em>.</span></li>
<li><img width="100%" alt="" title="Finding the Users settings in GNOME"
src="/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-change-password-1.png" /></li>
<li><span style="color: #424242;"><b>Step 2:</b> Click <em>Users</em> to
open the panel.</span></li>
<li><img alt="" width="100%" title="The Users panel in GNOME"
src="/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-change-password-2.png" /></li>
<li><span style="color: #424242;"><b>Step 3:</b> Click the label next to
<em>Password</em>.</span></li>
<li><span style="color: #424242;"><b>Step 4:</b> Enter your current
password, then a new password.</span></li>
<li><span style="color: #424242;">Enter your new password again in the
<em>Verify New Password</em> field. You can press the gear icon to
automatically generate a random password.</span></li>
<li><img width="100%" alt="" title="The change password dialog"
src="/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-change-password-3.png" /></li>
<li><span style="color: #424242;"><b>Step 5:</b> Click <em>Change</em>.</span></li>
</ul>
</li>
<li class="has-sub" class="active"><a href="#"><span>Command Line</span></a>
<ul>
<li><span style="color: #424242;"><b>Step 1:</b> Open the terminal</span></li>
<li><span style="color: #424242;"><b>Step 2:</b> Enter
<pre><code>passwd</code></pre> and follow the prompts</span></li>
<li><span style="color: #424242;">Enter your current password, your new
password and then confirm your new password. You will not be able to
see your password when you type it in.</span></li>
</ul>
</li>
### GNOME Desktop
**Step 1:** Open the Activities overview and start typing *Users*.
<div style="text-align: center; margin-top: 1em;">
<img src="/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-change-password-1.png" alt="" />
</div>
**Step 2:** Click *Users* to open the panel.
<div style="text-align: center; margin-top: 1em;">
<img src="/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-change-password-2.png" alt="" />
</div>
**Step 3:** Click the label next to *Password*.
**Step 4:** Enter your current password, then a new password.
**Step 5:** Enter your new password again in the *Verify New Password* field.
You can press the gear icon to automatically generate a random password.
<div style="text-align: center; margin-top: 1em;">
<img src="/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-change-password-3.png" alt="" />
</div>
**Step 6:** Click *Change*.
### Command Line
**Step 1:** Open the terminal.
**Step 2:** Enter
```
passwd
```
and follow the prompts.
**Step 3:** Enter your current password, your new password and then confirm your
new password. You will not be able to see your password when you type it in.
{{< note title="How to choose a strong password" >}}
<li class="has-sub" class="active"></a>
<ul>
<li><span>Make your passwords easy enough for
you to remember, but very difficult to for others to guess. Your
password guards your personal information, so you should make sure
it is a strong one.</span></li>
<li><span>Use a mixture of upper-case and
lower-case letters, numbers, symbols and spaces in the password. A
good way of doing this to the take the first letter of each word
and the grammar of a phrase you can remember.</span></li>
<li><span>Make your password as long as
possible. This makes it difficult for a person or computer to guess
it.</span></li>
<li><span>Do not use one or two words from a
dictionary in any language. These are what programs use to try crack
your password.</span></li>
<li><span>Do not use any personal information
such as a date, family member's name or a pet.</span></li>
<li><span>Never write your password down.</span></li>
<li><span>Use different passwords for different
things.</span></li>
</ul>
* Make your passwords easy enough for you to remember, but very difficult to for
others to guess. Your password guards your personal information, so you should
make sure it is a strong one.
* Use a mixture of upper-case and lower-case letters, numbers, symbols and
spaces in the password. A good way of doing this to the take the first letter of
each word and the grammar of a phrase you can remember.
* Make your password as long as possible. This makes it difficult for a person
or computer to guess it.
* Do not use one or two words from a dictionary in any language. These are what
programs use to try crack your password.
* Do not use any personal information such as a date, family member's name or a
pet.
* Never write your password down.
* Use different passwords for different things.
{{< /note >}}
</ul>
## File Templates
In previous versions, you could right-click anywhere in the file manager and create
a new blank file. In the current version, this has been extended so that you can create
any kind of file as a template for a new file. This could be a shell script, document, blank file
or any other kind of document that you create on a regular basis.
In previous versions, you could right-click anywhere in the file manager and
create a new blank file. In the current version, this has been extended so that
you can create any kind of file as a template for a new file. This could be a
shell script, document, blank file or any other kind of document that you create
on a regular basis.
To do this, all you need to do is place new documents as template files in your Templates directory.
To do this, all you need to do is place new documents as template files in your
Templates directory.
<img alt="" width="100%" title="Templates directory in file browser"
src="/images/templates/templates-1.png" />
Then, those documents will be available when you right-click in the file browser:
Then, those documents will be available when you right-click in the file
browser:
<img alt="" width="100%" title="Templates being accessed in file browser"
src="/images/templates/templates-2.png" />
---
date: 2018-01-25T11:48:12+0200
title: UEFI vs Legacy Boot
weight: 10
---
UEFI and Legacy Boot are two different ways of booting a computer. Most PCs and
laptops released after 2007 have UEFI installed. UEFI stands for Unified
Extendable Firmware Interface and was designed to replace BIOS (Legacy Boot).
A major difference between UEFI and Legacy Boot is Secure Boot. This is a
feature of UEFI that prevents loading an operating system not signed by the
manufacturer's key. AIMS desktop is not signed by this key and so Secure Boot
must be disabled before AIMS Desktop can be installed.
Secure Boot is managed by the UEFI settings. From Windows 10, it can be
disabled by going to *Settings -> Updates & security -> Recovery* and selecting
*Restart now*. This restart the PC into a recovery mode with various options.
Select *Troubleshoot -> Advanced options -> UEFI Firmware Settings -> Restart*.
This will boot into the UEFI Settings, where Secure Boot can be disabled. The
exact location of the option differs between manufacturers, but it is generally
found in the Boot section.
From Linux machines, there is usually either a Grub menu entry or a keyboard
shortcut that can be pressed while the PC is booting that will access the
UEFI Settings.
......@@ -240,9 +240,8 @@ Do you want to continue? [Y/n]
&lt;div class=&#34;admonition note&#34;&gt;
&lt;p class=&#34;admonition-title&#34;&gt;Tip: GNOME Software&lt;/p&gt;
&lt;p&gt;GNOME Software is a graphical front-end that supports APT.
It makes it easier to find and install software if
you&amp;rsquo;re still new to the system.&lt;/p&gt;
&lt;p&gt;GNOME Software is a graphical front-end that supports APT. It makes it easier to
find and install software if you&amp;rsquo;re still new to the system.&lt;/p&gt;
&lt;div style=&#34;text-align: center; margin-top: 1em;&#34;&gt;
&lt;img src=&#34;https://desktop.aims.ac.za/images/tips-tricks/gnome-software.png&#34; alt=&#34;&#34; /&gt;
......@@ -252,109 +251,115 @@ you&amp;rsquo;re still new to the system.&lt;/p&gt;
&lt;h2 id=&#34;connecting-to-remote-servers-via-ssh&#34;&gt;Connecting to remote servers via SSH&lt;/h2&gt;
&lt;p&gt;&lt;span style=&#34;color: #424242;&#34;&gt;&lt;b&gt;Introduction:&lt;/b&gt; Servers that you
normally ssh into can be accessed through the Nautilus file manager.
This allows you browse your remote files, edit them and copy to and
from the remote server.&lt;/span&gt;&lt;/p&gt;
&lt;p&gt;&lt;span style=&#34;color: #424242;&#34;&gt;&lt;b&gt;Step 1:&lt;/b&gt; Open Nautilus/Files&lt;/span&gt;&lt;/p&gt;
&lt;p&gt;&lt;span style=&#34;text-align: center&#34;&gt;&lt;img alt=&#34;&#34; src=&#34;https://desktop.aims.ac.za/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-nautilus-ssh-1.png&#34; /&gt;&lt;/span&gt;&lt;/p&gt;
&lt;p&gt;&lt;span style=&#34;color: #424242;&#34;&gt;&lt;b&gt;Step 2:&lt;/b&gt; In the location pane,
click on &lt;em&gt;Other Locations&lt;/em&gt;.&lt;/span&gt;&lt;/p&gt;
&lt;p&gt;&lt;span style=&#34;text-align: center&#34;&gt;&lt;img alt=&#34;&#34; src=&#34;https://desktop.aims.ac.za/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-nautilus-ssh-2.png&#34; /&gt;&lt;/span&gt;&lt;/p&gt;
&lt;p&gt;&lt;span style=&#34;color: #424242;&#34;&gt;&lt;b&gt;Step 3:&lt;/b&gt; At the bottom there is a
field to &lt;em&gt;Connect to Server&lt;/em&gt;.&lt;/span&gt;&lt;/p&gt;
&lt;p&gt;&lt;span style=&#34;text-align: center&#34;&gt;&lt;img alt=&#34;&#34; src=&#34;https://desktop.aims.ac.za/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-nautilus-ssh-3.png&#34; /&gt;&lt;/span&gt;&lt;/p&gt;
&lt;p&gt;&lt;span style=&#34;color: #424242;&#34;&gt;&lt;b&gt;Step 4:&lt;/b&gt; In this field enter
&lt;code&gt;ssh://&amp;lt;user&amp;gt;@&amp;lt;server&amp;gt;&lt;/code&gt;, where
&lt;code&gt;&amp;lt;user&amp;gt;&lt;/code&gt; is your username and
&lt;code&gt;&amp;lt;server&amp;gt;&lt;/code&gt; is the address of the server you are
connecting to. Replace &lt;code&gt;ssh&lt;/code&gt; with &lt;code&gt;sftp&lt;/code&gt; if you
wish to connect to a SFTP server.&lt;/span&gt;&lt;/p&gt;
&lt;p&gt;&lt;span style=&#34;color: #424242;&#34;&gt;&lt;b&gt;Step 5:&lt;/b&gt; This will prompt you for
a password if necessary and mount the location. You will see the
server in the left panel and a listing of files on the right.&lt;/span&gt;&lt;/p&gt;
&lt;p&gt;&lt;span style=&#34;color: #424242;&#34;&gt;&lt;b&gt;Step 6:&lt;/b&gt; If you wish to bookmark this server for future use,
right-click on the server in the location pane and select
&lt;em&gt;Add Bookmark&lt;/em&gt;&lt;/span&gt;&lt;/p&gt;
&lt;p&gt;&lt;span style=&#34;text-align: center&#34;&gt;&lt;img alt=&#34;&#34; src=&#34;https://desktop.aims.ac.za/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-nautilus-ssh-4.png&#34; /&gt;&lt;/span&gt;&lt;/p&gt;
&lt;p&gt;&lt;strong&gt;Introduction:&lt;/strong&gt; Servers that you normally ssh into can be accessed through
the Nautilus file manager. This allows you browse your remote files, edit them
and copy to and from the remote server.&lt;/p&gt;
&lt;p&gt;&lt;strong&gt;Step 1:&lt;/strong&gt; Open Nautilus/Files
&lt;div style=&#34;text-align: center; margin-top: 1em;&#34;&gt;
&lt;img src=&#34;https://desktop.aims.ac.za/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-nautilus-ssh-1.png&#34; alt=&#34;&#34; /&gt;
&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/p&gt;
&lt;p&gt;&lt;strong&gt;Step 2:&lt;/strong&gt; In the location pane, click on &lt;em&gt;Other Locations&lt;/em&gt;.
&lt;div style=&#34;text-align: center; margin-top: 1em;&#34;&gt;
&lt;img src=&#34;https://desktop.aims.ac.za/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-nautilus-ssh-2.png&#34; alt=&#34;&#34; /&gt;
&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/p&gt;
&lt;p&gt;&lt;strong&gt;Step 3:&lt;/strong&gt; At the bottom there is a field to &lt;em&gt;Connect to Server&lt;/em&gt;.
&lt;div style=&#34;text-align: center; margin-top: 1em;&#34;&gt;
&lt;img src=&#34;https://desktop.aims.ac.za/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-nautilus-ssh-3.png&#34; alt=&#34;&#34; /&gt;
&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/p&gt;
&lt;p&gt;&lt;strong&gt;Step 4:&lt;/strong&gt; In this field enter &lt;code&gt;ssh://&amp;lt;user&amp;gt;:&amp;lt;server&amp;gt;&lt;/code&gt;, where &lt;code&gt;&amp;lt;user&amp;gt;&lt;/code&gt; is your
username and &lt;code&gt;&amp;lt;server&amp;gt;&lt;/code&gt; is the address of the server you are connecting to.
Replace &lt;code&gt;ssh&lt;/code&gt; with &lt;code&gt;sftp&lt;/code&gt; if you wish to connect to a SFTP server.&lt;/p&gt;
&lt;p&gt;&lt;strong&gt;Step 5:&lt;/strong&gt; This will prompt you for a password if necessary and mount the
location. You will see the server in the left panel and a listing of files on
the right.&lt;/p&gt;
&lt;p&gt;&lt;strong&gt;Step 6:&lt;/strong&gt; If you wish to bookmark this server for future use, right-click on
the server in the location pane and select &lt;em&gt;Add Bookmark&lt;/em&gt;.
&lt;div style=&#34;text-align: center; margin-top: 1em;&#34;&gt;
&lt;img src=&#34;https://desktop.aims.ac.za/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-nautilus-ssh-4.png&#34; alt=&#34;&#34; /&gt;
&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/p&gt;
&lt;h2 id=&#34;changing-your-password&#34;&gt;Changing your password&lt;/h2&gt;
&lt;ul&gt;
&lt;li class=&#34;has-sub&#34; class=&#34;active&#34;&gt;&lt;a href=&#34;#&#34;&gt;&lt;span&gt;GNOME Desktop&lt;/span&gt;&lt;/a&gt;
&lt;ul&gt;
&lt;li&gt;&lt;span style=&#34;color: #424242;&#34;&gt;&lt;b&gt;Step 1:&lt;/b&gt; Open the Activities
overview and start typing &lt;em&gt;Users&lt;/em&gt;.&lt;/span&gt;&lt;/li&gt;
&lt;li&gt;&lt;img width=&#34;100%&#34; alt=&#34;&#34; title=&#34;Finding the Users settings in GNOME&#34;
src=&#34;/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-change-password-1.png&#34; /&gt;&lt;/li&gt;
&lt;li&gt;&lt;span style=&#34;color: #424242;&#34;&gt;&lt;b&gt;Step 2:&lt;/b&gt; Click &lt;em&gt;Users&lt;/em&gt; to
open the panel.&lt;/span&gt;&lt;/li&gt;
&lt;li&gt;&lt;img alt=&#34;&#34; width=&#34;100%&#34; title=&#34;The Users panel in GNOME&#34;
src=&#34;/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-change-password-2.png&#34; /&gt;&lt;/li&gt;
&lt;li&gt;&lt;span style=&#34;color: #424242;&#34;&gt;&lt;b&gt;Step 3:&lt;/b&gt; Click the label next to
&lt;em&gt;Password&lt;/em&gt;.&lt;/span&gt;&lt;/li&gt;
&lt;li&gt;&lt;span style=&#34;color: #424242;&#34;&gt;&lt;b&gt;Step 4:&lt;/b&gt; Enter your current
password, then a new password.&lt;/span&gt;&lt;/li&gt;
&lt;li&gt;&lt;span style=&#34;color: #424242;&#34;&gt;Enter your new password again in the
&lt;em&gt;Verify New Password&lt;/em&gt; field. You can press the gear icon to
automatically generate a random password.&lt;/span&gt;&lt;/li&gt;
&lt;li&gt;&lt;img width=&#34;100%&#34; alt=&#34;&#34; title=&#34;The change password dialog&#34;
src=&#34;/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-change-password-3.png&#34; /&gt;&lt;/li&gt;
&lt;li&gt;&lt;span style=&#34;color: #424242;&#34;&gt;&lt;b&gt;Step 5:&lt;/b&gt; Click &lt;em&gt;Change&lt;/em&gt;.&lt;/span&gt;&lt;/li&gt;
&lt;/ul&gt;
&lt;/li&gt;
&lt;li class=&#34;has-sub&#34; class=&#34;active&#34;&gt;&lt;a href=&#34;#&#34;&gt;&lt;span&gt;Command Line&lt;/span&gt;&lt;/a&gt;
&lt;ul&gt;
&lt;li&gt;&lt;span style=&#34;color: #424242;&#34;&gt;&lt;b&gt;Step 1:&lt;/b&gt; Open the terminal&lt;/span&gt;&lt;/li&gt;
&lt;li&gt;&lt;span style=&#34;color: #424242;&#34;&gt;&lt;b&gt;Step 2:&lt;/b&gt; Enter
&lt;pre&gt;&lt;code&gt;passwd&lt;/code&gt;&lt;/pre&gt; and follow the prompts&lt;/span&gt;&lt;/li&gt;
&lt;li&gt;&lt;span style=&#34;color: #424242;&#34;&gt;Enter your current password, your new
password and then confirm your new password. You will not be able to
see your password when you type it in.&lt;/span&gt;&lt;/li&gt;
&lt;/ul&gt;
&lt;/li&gt;
&lt;h3 id=&#34;gnome-desktop&#34;&gt;GNOME Desktop&lt;/h3&gt;
&lt;p&gt;&lt;strong&gt;Step 1:&lt;/strong&gt; Open the Activities overview and start typing &lt;em&gt;Users&lt;/em&gt;.
&lt;div style=&#34;text-align: center; margin-top: 1em;&#34;&gt;
&lt;img src=&#34;https://desktop.aims.ac.za/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-change-password-1.png&#34; alt=&#34;&#34; /&gt;
&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/p&gt;
&lt;p&gt;&lt;strong&gt;Step 2:&lt;/strong&gt; Click &lt;em&gt;Users&lt;/em&gt; to open the panel.
&lt;div style=&#34;text-align: center; margin-top: 1em;&#34;&gt;
&lt;img src=&#34;https://desktop.aims.ac.za/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-change-password-2.png&#34; alt=&#34;&#34; /&gt;
&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/p&gt;
&lt;p&gt;&lt;strong&gt;Step 3:&lt;/strong&gt; Click the label next to &lt;em&gt;Password&lt;/em&gt;.&lt;/p&gt;
&lt;p&gt;&lt;strong&gt;Step 4:&lt;/strong&gt; Enter your current password, then a new password.&lt;/p&gt;
&lt;p&gt;&lt;strong&gt;Step 5:&lt;/strong&gt; Enter your new password again in the &lt;em&gt;Verify New Password&lt;/em&gt; field.
You can press the gear icon to automatically generate a random password.
&lt;div style=&#34;text-align: center; margin-top: 1em;&#34;&gt;
&lt;img src=&#34;https://desktop.aims.ac.za/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-change-password-3.png&#34; alt=&#34;&#34; /&gt;
&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/p&gt;
&lt;p&gt;&lt;strong&gt;Step 6:&lt;/strong&gt; Click &lt;em&gt;Change&lt;/em&gt;.&lt;/p&gt;
&lt;h3 id=&#34;command-line&#34;&gt;Command Line&lt;/h3&gt;
&lt;p&gt;&lt;strong&gt;Step 1:&lt;/strong&gt; Open the terminal.
&lt;strong&gt;Step 2:&lt;/strong&gt; Enter&lt;/p&gt;
&lt;pre&gt;&lt;code&gt;passwd
&lt;/code&gt;&lt;/pre&gt;
&lt;p&gt;and follow the prompts.&lt;/p&gt;
&lt;p&gt;&lt;strong&gt;Step 3:&lt;/strong&gt; Enter your current password, your new password and then confirm your
new password. You will not be able to see your password when you type it in.&lt;/p&gt;
&lt;div class=&#34;admonition note&#34;&gt;
&lt;p class=&#34;admonition-title&#34;&gt;How to choose a strong password&lt;/p&gt;
&lt;p&gt;&lt;li class=&#34;has-sub&#34; class=&#34;active&#34;&gt;&lt;/a&gt;
&lt;ul&gt;
&lt;li&gt;&lt;span&gt;Make your passwords easy enough for
you to remember, but very difficult to for others to guess. Your
password guards your personal information, so you should make sure
it is a strong one.&lt;/span&gt;&lt;/li&gt;
&lt;li&gt;&lt;span&gt;Use a mixture of upper-case and
lower-case letters, numbers, symbols and spaces in the password. A
good way of doing this to the take the first letter of each word
and the grammar of a phrase you can remember.&lt;/span&gt;&lt;/li&gt;
&lt;li&gt;&lt;span&gt;Make your password as long as
possible. This makes it difficult for a person or computer to guess
it.&lt;/span&gt;&lt;/li&gt;
&lt;li&gt;&lt;span&gt;Do not use one or two words from a
dictionary in any language. These are what programs use to try crack
your password.&lt;/span&gt;&lt;/li&gt;
&lt;li&gt;&lt;span&gt;Do not use any personal information
such as a date, family member&amp;rsquo;s name or a pet.&lt;/span&gt;&lt;/li&gt;
&lt;li&gt;&lt;span&gt;Never write your password down.&lt;/span&gt;&lt;/li&gt;
&lt;li&gt;&lt;span&gt;Use different passwords for different
things.&lt;/span&gt;&lt;/li&gt;
&lt;/ul&gt;&lt;/p&gt;
&lt;/div&gt;
&lt;p&gt;&lt;ul&gt;
&lt;li&gt;Make your passwords easy enough for you to remember, but very difficult to for
others to guess. Your password guards your personal information, so you should
make sure it is a strong one.&lt;/li&gt;
&lt;li&gt;Use a mixture of upper-case and lower-case letters, numbers, symbols and
spaces in the password. A good way of doing this to the take the first letter of
each word and the grammar of a phrase you can remember.&lt;/li&gt;
&lt;li&gt;Make your password as long as possible. This makes it difficult for a person
or computer to guess it.&lt;/li&gt;
&lt;li&gt;Do not use one or two words from a dictionary in any language. These are what
programs use to try crack your password.&lt;/li&gt;
&lt;li&gt;Do not use any personal information such as a date, family member&amp;rsquo;s name or a
pet.&lt;/li&gt;
&lt;li&gt;Never write your password down.&lt;/li&gt;
&lt;li&gt;Use different passwords for different things.&lt;/li&gt;
&lt;/ul&gt;
&lt;/p&gt;
&lt;/div&gt;
&lt;h2 id=&#34;file-templates&#34;&gt;File Templates&lt;/h2&gt;
&lt;p&gt;In previous versions, you could right-click anywhere in the file manager and create
a new blank file. In the current version, this has been extended so that you can create
any kind of file as a template for a new file. This could be a shell script, document, blank file
or any other kind of document that you create on a regular basis.&lt;/p&gt;
&lt;p&gt;In previous versions, you could right-click anywhere in the file manager and
create a new blank file. In the current version, this has been extended so that
you can create any kind of file as a template for a new file. This could be a
shell script, document, blank file or any other kind of document that you create
on a regular basis.&lt;/p&gt;
&lt;p&gt;To do this, all you need to do is place new documents as template files in your Templates directory.&lt;/p&gt;
&lt;p&gt;To do this, all you need to do is place new documents as template files in your
Templates directory.&lt;/p&gt;
&lt;p&gt;&lt;img alt=&#34;&#34; width=&#34;100%&#34; title=&#34;Templates directory in file browser&#34;
src=&#34;/images/templates/templates-1.png&#34; /&gt;&lt;/p&gt;
&lt;p&gt;Then, those documents will be available when you right-click in the file browser:&lt;/p&gt;
&lt;p&gt;Then, those documents will be available when you right-click in the file
browser:&lt;/p&gt;
&lt;p&gt;&lt;img alt=&#34;&#34; width=&#34;100%&#34; title=&#34;Templates being accessed in file browser&#34;
src=&#34;/images/templates/templates-2.png&#34; /&gt;&lt;/p&gt;
......
......@@ -324,9 +324,8 @@ Do you want to continue? [Y/n]
<div class="admonition note">
<p class="admonition-title">Tip: GNOME Software</p>
<p>GNOME Software is a graphical front-end that supports APT.
It makes it easier to find and install software if
you&rsquo;re still new to the system.</p>
<p>GNOME Software is a graphical front-end that supports APT. It makes it easier to
find and install software if you&rsquo;re still new to the system.</p>
<div style="text-align: center; margin-top: 1em;">
<img src="https://desktop.aims.ac.za/images/tips-tricks/gnome-software.png" alt="" />
......@@ -336,109 +335,115 @@ you&rsquo;re still new to the system.</p>
<h2 id="connecting-to-remote-servers-via-ssh">Connecting to remote servers via SSH</h2>
<p><span style="color: #424242;"><b>Introduction:</b> Servers that you
normally ssh into can be accessed through the Nautilus file manager.
This allows you browse your remote files, edit them and copy to and
from the remote server.</span></p>
<p><span style="color: #424242;"><b>Step 1:</b> Open Nautilus/Files</span></p>
<p><span style="text-align: center"><img alt="" src="https://desktop.aims.ac.za/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-nautilus-ssh-1.png" /></span></p>
<p><span style="color: #424242;"><b>Step 2:</b> In the location pane,
click on <em>Other Locations</em>.</span></p>
<p><span style="text-align: center"><img alt="" src="https://desktop.aims.ac.za/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-nautilus-ssh-2.png" /></span></p>
<p><span style="color: #424242;"><b>Step 3:</b> At the bottom there is a
field to <em>Connect to Server</em>.</span></p>
<p><span style="text-align: center"><img alt="" src="https://desktop.aims.ac.za/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-nautilus-ssh-3.png" /></span></p>
<p><span style="color: #424242;"><b>Step 4:</b> In this field enter
<code>ssh://&lt;user&gt;@&lt;server&gt;</code>, where
<code>&lt;user&gt;</code> is your username and
<code>&lt;server&gt;</code> is the address of the server you are
connecting to. Replace <code>ssh</code> with <code>sftp</code> if you
wish to connect to a SFTP server.</span></p>
<p><span style="color: #424242;"><b>Step 5:</b> This will prompt you for
a password if necessary and mount the location. You will see the
server in the left panel and a listing of files on the right.</span></p>
<p><span style="color: #424242;"><b>Step 6:</b> If you wish to bookmark this server for future use,
right-click on the server in the location pane and select
<em>Add Bookmark</em></span></p>
<p><span style="text-align: center"><img alt="" src="https://desktop.aims.ac.za/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-nautilus-ssh-4.png" /></span></p>
<p><strong>Introduction:</strong> Servers that you normally ssh into can be accessed through
the Nautilus file manager. This allows you browse your remote files, edit them
and copy to and from the remote server.</p>
<p><strong>Step 1:</strong> Open Nautilus/Files
<div style="text-align: center; margin-top: 1em;">
<img src="https://desktop.aims.ac.za/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-nautilus-ssh-1.png" alt="" />
</div></p>
<p><strong>Step 2:</strong> In the location pane, click on <em>Other Locations</em>.
<div style="text-align: center; margin-top: 1em;">
<img src="https://desktop.aims.ac.za/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-nautilus-ssh-2.png" alt="" />
</div></p>
<p><strong>Step 3:</strong> At the bottom there is a field to <em>Connect to Server</em>.
<div style="text-align: center; margin-top: 1em;">
<img src="https://desktop.aims.ac.za/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-nautilus-ssh-3.png" alt="" />
</div></p>
<p><strong>Step 4:</strong> In this field enter <code>ssh://&lt;user&gt;:&lt;server&gt;</code>, where <code>&lt;user&gt;</code> is your
username and <code>&lt;server&gt;</code> is the address of the server you are connecting to.
Replace <code>ssh</code> with <code>sftp</code> if you wish to connect to a SFTP server.</p>
<p><strong>Step 5:</strong> This will prompt you for a password if necessary and mount the
location. You will see the server in the left panel and a listing of files on
the right.</p>
<p><strong>Step 6:</strong> If you wish to bookmark this server for future use, right-click on
the server in the location pane and select <em>Add Bookmark</em>.
<div style="text-align: center; margin-top: 1em;">
<img src="https://desktop.aims.ac.za/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-nautilus-ssh-4.png" alt="" />
</div></p>
<h2 id="changing-your-password">Changing your password</h2>
<ul>
<li class="has-sub" class="active"><a href="#"><span>GNOME Desktop</span></a>
<ul>
<li><span style="color: #424242;"><b>Step 1:</b> Open the Activities
overview and start typing <em>Users</em>.</span></li>
<li><img width="100%" alt="" title="Finding the Users settings in GNOME"
src="/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-change-password-1.png" /></li>
<li><span style="color: #424242;"><b>Step 2:</b> Click <em>Users</em> to
open the panel.</span></li>
<li><img alt="" width="100%" title="The Users panel in GNOME"
src="/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-change-password-2.png" /></li>
<li><span style="color: #424242;"><b>Step 3:</b> Click the label next to
<em>Password</em>.</span></li>
<li><span style="color: #424242;"><b>Step 4:</b> Enter your current
password, then a new password.</span></li>
<li><span style="color: #424242;">Enter your new password again in the
<em>Verify New Password</em> field. You can press the gear icon to
automatically generate a random password.</span></li>
<li><img width="100%" alt="" title="The change password dialog"
src="/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-change-password-3.png" /></li>
<li><span style="color: #424242;"><b>Step 5:</b> Click <em>Change</em>.</span></li>
</ul>
</li>
<li class="has-sub" class="active"><a href="#"><span>Command Line</span></a>
<ul>
<li><span style="color: #424242;"><b>Step 1:</b> Open the terminal</span></li>
<li><span style="color: #424242;"><b>Step 2:</b> Enter
<pre><code>passwd</code></pre> and follow the prompts</span></li>
<li><span style="color: #424242;">Enter your current password, your new
password and then confirm your new password. You will not be able to
see your password when you type it in.</span></li>
</ul>
</li>
<h3 id="gnome-desktop">GNOME Desktop</h3>
<p><strong>Step 1:</strong> Open the Activities overview and start typing <em>Users</em>.
<div style="text-align: center; margin-top: 1em;">
<img src="https://desktop.aims.ac.za/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-change-password-1.png" alt="" />
</div></p>
<p><strong>Step 2:</strong> Click <em>Users</em> to open the panel.
<div style="text-align: center; margin-top: 1em;">
<img src="https://desktop.aims.ac.za/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-change-password-2.png" alt="" />
</div></p>
<p><strong>Step 3:</strong> Click the label next to <em>Password</em>.</p>
<p><strong>Step 4:</strong> Enter your current password, then a new password.</p>
<p><strong>Step 5:</strong> Enter your new password again in the <em>Verify New Password</em> field.
You can press the gear icon to automatically generate a random password.
<div style="text-align: center; margin-top: 1em;">
<img src="https://desktop.aims.ac.za/images/tips-tricks/2017.01-change-password-3.png" alt="" />
</div></p>
<p><strong>Step 6:</strong> Click <em>Change</em>.</p>
<h3 id="command-line">Command Line</h3>
<p><strong>Step 1:</strong> Open the terminal.
<strong>Step 2:</strong> Enter</p>
<pre><code>passwd
</code></pre>
<p>and follow the prompts.</p>
<p><strong>Step 3:</strong> Enter your current password, your new password and then confirm your
new password. You will not be able to see your password when you type it in.</p>
<div class="admonition note">
<p class="admonition-title">How to choose a strong password</p>
<p><li class="has-sub" class="active"></a>
<ul>
<li><span>Make your passwords easy enough for
you to remember, but very difficult to for others to guess. Your
password guards your personal information, so you should make sure
it is a strong one.</span></li>
<li><span>Use a mixture of upper-case and
lower-case letters, numbers, symbols and spaces in the password. A
good way of doing this to the take the first letter of each word
and the grammar of a phrase you can remember.</span></li>
<li><span>Make your password as long as
possible. This makes it difficult for a person or computer to guess