index.xml 10.9 KB
Newer Older
Jonathan Carter's avatar
Jonathan Carter committed
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8" standalone="yes" ?>
<rss version="2.0" xmlns:atom="http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom">
  <channel>
    <title>Getting-starteds on AIMS Desktop</title>
    <link>https://desktop.aims.ac.za/getting-started/index.xml</link>
    <description>Recent content in Getting-starteds on AIMS Desktop</description>
    <generator>Hugo -- gohugo.io</generator>
    <language>en-us</language>
Jonathan Carter's avatar
Jonathan Carter committed
9
    <lastBuildDate>Wed, 12 Apr 2017 00:11:02 +0100</lastBuildDate>
Jonathan Carter's avatar
Jonathan Carter committed
10
11
12
13
14
    <atom:link href="https://desktop.aims.ac.za/getting-started/index.xml" rel="self" type="application/rss+xml" />
    
    <item>
      <title>Getting started</title>
      <link>https://desktop.aims.ac.za/getting-started/</link>
Jonathan Carter's avatar
Jonathan Carter committed
15
      <pubDate>Wed, 12 Apr 2017 00:11:02 +0100</pubDate>
Jonathan Carter's avatar
Jonathan Carter committed
16
17
18
19
      
      <guid>https://desktop.aims.ac.za/getting-started/</guid>
      <description>

Jonathan Carter's avatar
Jonathan Carter committed
20
21
&lt;h2 id=&#34;download-aims-desktop&#34;&gt;Download AIMS Desktop&lt;/h2&gt;

Jonathan Carter's avatar
Jonathan Carter committed
22
23
24
25
26
&lt;p&gt;AIMS Desktop can be downloaded from &lt;a href=&#34;https://desktop.aims.ac.za/download&#34;&gt;https://desktop.aims.ac.za/download&lt;/a&gt;.&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;AIMS Desktop is a large download (over 3GB), if you&amp;rsquo;re reading this from a mobile connection,
you might want to download it on a broadband connection instead.&lt;/p&gt;

Jonathan Carter's avatar
Jonathan Carter committed
27
&lt;h2 id=&#34;preperation&#34;&gt;Preperation&lt;/h2&gt;
Jonathan Carter's avatar
Jonathan Carter committed
28

Jonathan Carter's avatar
Jonathan Carter committed
29
30
31
32
33
&lt;p&gt;AIMS Desktop installs a new operating system to your computer. It can be installed alongside
an existing system such as Microsoft Windows, Apple macOS, BSD or another GNU/Linux system.&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;Installation Media:&lt;/p&gt;

Jonathan Carter's avatar
Jonathan Carter committed
34
&lt;p&gt;You will need a USB disk that is at least 4GB large. Preparing it as an installation
Jonathan Carter's avatar
Jonathan Carter committed
35
disk for AIMS desktop will overwrite all the data that&amp;rsquo;s on there, so if you have important files
Jonathan Carter's avatar
Jonathan Carter committed
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
on that USB disk, you should move it to a safer location before writing the installer to disk.&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;If you&amp;rsquo;re familiar with the dd command, you can use that from your Linux or macOS system to write
the command directly to a raw USB device.&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;If you&amp;rsquo;re using Windows and don&amp;rsquo;t have access to a Linux device, you can download the Rufus USB
tool at &lt;a href=&#34;https://rufus.akeo.ie/&#34;&gt;https://rufus.akeo.ie/&lt;/a&gt; which makes writing USB disks from Windows really easy and that
tool has been confirmed to work with AIMS Desktop media.&lt;/p&gt;
Jonathan Carter's avatar
Jonathan Carter committed
44
45
46

&lt;p&gt;Prepare your system:&lt;/p&gt;

Jonathan Carter's avatar
Jonathan Carter committed
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
&lt;p&gt;The AIMS installer will do most of the work, however, here are some tips:&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;ul&gt;
&lt;li&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;strong&gt;Back up your system.&lt;/strong&gt; Even though there is a very small risk of data loss, it&amp;rsquo;s recommended
that you make a full backup of your system before installing. The installer in AIMS Desktop is
widely used and tested, but making a backup will also protect you against human error.&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/li&gt;

&lt;li&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;strong&gt;Disable secure boot.&lt;/strong&gt; AIMS Desktop doesn&amp;rsquo;t yet support secure boot. If your laptop has this
enabled, you should disable it in the firmware before commencing installation. You will have
to consult the manual for your laptop or do an internet search for how to do this on your
machine.&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/li&gt;
Jonathan Carter's avatar
Jonathan Carter committed
58
59
60

&lt;li&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;strong&gt;Ensure you have enough power.&lt;/strong&gt; AIMS Desktop will take some time to install. If you&amp;rsquo;re using
a laptop computer, ensure that you are connected to a power source.&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/li&gt;
Jonathan Carter's avatar
Jonathan Carter committed
61
&lt;/ul&gt;
Jonathan Carter's avatar
Jonathan Carter committed
62

Jonathan Carter's avatar
Jonathan Carter committed
63
&lt;h2 id=&#34;installation&#34;&gt;Installation&lt;/h2&gt;
Jonathan Carter's avatar
Jonathan Carter committed
64

Jonathan Carter's avatar
Jonathan Carter committed
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
&lt;p&gt;For the most part, the installation of AIMS Desktop is very simple. It uses a graphical installation
tool called Calamares (&lt;a href=&#34;https://calamares.io&#34;&gt;https://calamares.io&lt;/a&gt;) which guides you through the entire installation process.&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;One aspect to be mindful though, especially if you&amp;rsquo;re dual-booting, is to be aware of the boot method
that your computer uses. Newer computers use UEFI, while older computers use BIOS/Legacy boot mode.&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;We&amp;rsquo;ve made it really easy to identify which method your computer uses to boot up. When you start the
AIMS Desktop live USB disk, it will show you the boot method in brackets.&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;&lt;img src=&#34;https://desktop.aims.ac.za/images/getting-started/bootmodes.png&#34; alt=&#34;Boot modes&#34; /&gt;
&lt;em&gt;Booting in Legacy/BIOS mode to the left, booting UEFI mode to the right. The red underline has been added to these images for emphasis.&lt;/em&gt;&lt;/p&gt;
Jonathan Carter's avatar
Jonathan Carter committed
76

Jonathan Carter's avatar
Jonathan Carter committed
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
&lt;p&gt;When you press enter on either boot mode, it will start loading the live environment, and you should
see a loading screen similar to the one below. Startup will take a few seconds to a few minuted depending
on what kind of computer you have.&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;&lt;img src=&#34;https://desktop.aims.ac.za/images/getting-started/bootsplash.jpg&#34; alt=&#34;Boot splash screeh&#34; /&gt;
&lt;em&gt;AIMS Desktop startup screen&lt;/em&gt;&lt;/p&gt;

Jonathan Carter's avatar
Jonathan Carter committed
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
&lt;p&gt;When it has finished booted up, you will be presented with the AIMS Desktop Live environment. The
live environment can do a lot more than just install AIMS Desktop, you can also use it to test
whether hardware supports the system, try out the software on AIMS Desktop, or show it to a friend.&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;&lt;img src=&#34;https://desktop.aims.ac.za/images/getting-started/aims-live-desktop.jpg&#34; alt=&#34;AIMS Live Desktop&#34; /&gt;
&lt;em&gt;AIMS Live Desktop&lt;/em&gt;&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;The installer icon is the first one after the main menu button on the top left side, as highlighed below. Click on this button if you&amp;rsquo;d like to proceed installing AIMS Desktop.&lt;/p&gt;

Jonathan Carter's avatar
Jonathan Carter committed
93
94
95
96
&lt;p&gt;&lt;img src=&#34;https://desktop.aims.ac.za/images/getting-started/installer-icon.jpg&#34; alt=&#34;Installer Button&#34; /&gt;
&lt;em&gt;Installer button, as highlighted above&lt;/em&gt;&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;You will then be greeted by the installer. If you&amp;rsquo;re unsure about some options like region,
Jonathan Carter's avatar
Jonathan Carter committed
97
keyboard layout, etc, then you can change it again in the settings manager after installation.&lt;/p&gt;
Jonathan Carter's avatar
Jonathan Carter committed
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114

&lt;p&gt;&lt;img src=&#34;https://desktop.aims.ac.za/images/getting-started/installer-welcome.jpg&#34; alt=&#34;Installer welcome screen&#34; /&gt;
&lt;em&gt;Installer welcome screen&lt;/em&gt;&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;Select the language that you would like to use during the installation, then click on next.&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;Then, choose your location and timezone. The city that designates your timezone might not
be the actualy city you&amp;rsquo;re in, and is often the capital of your country.&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;&lt;img src=&#34;https://desktop.aims.ac.za/images/getting-started/installer-timezone.jpg&#34; alt=&#34;Time zone settings&#34; /&gt;
&lt;em&gt;Time zone settings&lt;/em&gt;&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;Next, we&amp;rsquo;ll select a keyboard layout. Normall, you&amp;rsquo;ll want to select a keyboard layout that closest
match your physical keyboard layout. In some cases, you might want a different layout to match
another computer you&amp;rsquo;re using. The keyboard image in this screen will adapt so that you have a preview
of the option you have chosen, and you can also type test it in the typing space at the bottom.&lt;/p&gt;

Jonathan Carter's avatar
Jonathan Carter committed
115
&lt;p&gt;&lt;img src=&#34;https://desktop.aims.ac.za/images/getting-started/installer-keyboard.jpg&#34; alt=&#34;Keyboard selection&#34; /&gt;
Jonathan Carter's avatar
Jonathan Carter committed
116
&lt;em&gt;Keyboard settings&lt;/em&gt;&lt;/p&gt;
Jonathan Carter's avatar
Jonathan Carter committed
117

Jonathan Carter's avatar
Jonathan Carter committed
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
&lt;p&gt;Next, we have to allocate some space to install AIMS desktop to. The most basic method of installation
is to use the entire disk for AIMS Desktop. Do do that, you can choose the &amp;ldquo;Erase disk&amp;rdquo; option.&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;If you have another system installed, you can also choose to resize that system to make space for
AIMS Desktop, or to replace an existing partition with AIMS Desktop. In the future we&amp;rsquo;re planning
to add an advanced partition section to this guide for using manual partitioning.&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;&lt;img src=&#34;https://desktop.aims.ac.za/images/getting-started/installer-partition.jpg&#34; alt=&#34;Partitioning&#34; /&gt;
&lt;em&gt;Partitioning screen&lt;/em&gt;&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;In the next step, we&amp;rsquo;ll configure your first user for this system. This user will also be an
administrator user.&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;ul&gt;
&lt;li&gt;&lt;strong&gt;Full name:&lt;/strong&gt; You can enter your full name or part of your name in this field.&lt;/li&gt;
&lt;li&gt;&lt;strong&gt;User name:&lt;/strong&gt; The user name must not start with a capital letter, can not container numbers, spaces or other special characters. Examples of user names are &lt;code&gt;mohammed&lt;/code&gt;, &lt;code&gt;yasmine&lt;/code&gt;, &lt;code&gt;sarah&lt;/code&gt;, &lt;code&gt;mehdi&lt;/code&gt;.&lt;/li&gt;
&lt;li&gt;&lt;strong&gt;Computer name:&lt;/strong&gt; This is a name that you can use to identify the computer. It must also be lowercase  alphabetical characters, but you can also use a dash, eg: &lt;code&gt;mohammed-pc&lt;/code&gt;, &lt;code&gt;sarah-laptop&lt;/code&gt;, &lt;code&gt;yasmine-macbook&lt;/code&gt;, &lt;code&gt;mehdi-x280&lt;/code&gt;.&lt;/li&gt;
&lt;li&gt;&lt;strong&gt;Password:&lt;/strong&gt; Your password protects access to the computer. Use a password that won&amp;rsquo;t be easy to guess. A password such as &lt;code&gt;password&lt;/code&gt; or &lt;code&gt;latitude&lt;/code&gt; or anything you would find in a dictionary would be too weak. Instead, you might want to consider using a phrase for a password, ideally something that is easy to remember but wouldn&amp;rsquo;t exist in normal conversation, eg: &lt;code&gt;Bunnies drink water in October&lt;/code&gt;.&lt;/li&gt;
&lt;/ul&gt;

&lt;p&gt;&lt;img src=&#34;https://desktop.aims.ac.za/images/getting-started/installer-user.jpg&#34; alt=&#34;User setup&#34; /&gt;
&lt;em&gt;User setup screen&lt;/em&gt;&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;Before the installer starts making changes to your system, it will present a summary where you
can review the changes it will make. It&amp;rsquo;s a good idea to look at least at the partitioning summary,
especially if you want to keep an existing system installed as well.&lt;/p&gt;

Jonathan Carter's avatar
Jonathan Carter committed
145
&lt;p&gt;&lt;img src=&#34;https://desktop.aims.ac.za/images/getting-started/installer-summary.jpg&#34; alt=&#34;Installer summary&#34; /&gt;
Jonathan Carter's avatar
Jonathan Carter committed
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
&lt;em&gt;Summary of installer actions about to take place&lt;/em&gt;&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;When you&amp;rsquo;re ready, click next to proceed with the installation.&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;&lt;img src=&#34;https://desktop.aims.ac.za/images/getting-started/installer-installing.jpg&#34; alt=&#34;Installation in progress&#34; /&gt;
&lt;em&gt;Installation progress&lt;/em&gt;&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;The rest of the installation is automated. On a fast computer, will take around 10 minutes to complete.
On a slower computer, it might take as much as an hour.&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;&amp;hellip;&lt;/p&gt;

Jonathan Carter's avatar
Jonathan Carter committed
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
&lt;h2 id=&#34;configuration&#34;&gt;Configuration&lt;/h2&gt;

&lt;h2 id=&#34;options&#34;&gt;Options&lt;/h2&gt;
</description>
    </item>
    
  </channel>
</rss>